*BASH User Commands Ubuntu 10.04.4 LTS Server coreutils
MYSQL_UPGRADE(1)             MySQL Database System            MYSQL_UPGRADE(1)

       mysql_upgrade - check and upgrade MySQL tables

       mysql_upgrade [options]

       mysql_upgrade examines all tables in all databases for
       incompatibilities with the current version of MySQL Server.
       mysql_upgrade also upgrades the system tables so that you can take
       advantage of new privileges or capabilities that might have been added.

       mysql_upgrade should be executed each time you upgrade MySQL. It
       supersedes the older mysql_fix_privilege_tables script, which should no
       longer be used.

       If mysql_upgrade finds that a table has a possible incompatibility, it
       performs a table check and, if problems are found, attempts a table
       repair. If the table cannot be repaired, see Section 2.13.4,
       "Rebuilding or Repairing Tables or Indexes" for manual table repair

           On Windows Server 2008, Vista, and newer, you must run
           mysql_upgrade with administrator privileges. You can do this by
           running a Command Prompt as Administrator and running the command.
           Failure to do so may result in the upgrade failing to execute

           You should always back up your current MySQL installation before
           performing an upgrade. See Section 7.2, "Database Backup Methods".

           Some upgrade incompatibilities may require special handling before
           you upgrade your MySQL installation and run mysql_upgrade. See
           Section 2.13.1, "Upgrading MySQL", for instructions on determining
           whether any such incompatibilities apply to your installation and
           how to handle them.

       To use mysql_upgrade, make sure that the server is running, and then
       invoke it like this:

           shell> mysql_upgrade [options]

       After running mysql_upgrade, stop the server and restart it so that any
       changes made to the system tables take effect.

       mysql_upgrade executes the following commands to check and repair
       tables and to upgrade the system tables:

           mysqlcheck --all-databases --check-upgrade --auto-repair
           mysql < fix_priv_tables
           mysqlcheck --all-databases --check-upgrade --fix-db-names --fix-table-names

       Notes about the preceding commands:

       o   Because mysql_upgrade invokes mysqlcheck with the --all-databases
           option, it processes all tables in all databases, which might take
           a long time to complete. Each table is locked and therefore
           unavailable to other sessions while it is being processed. Check
           and repair operations can be time-consuming, particularly for large

       o   For details about what checks the --check-upgrade option entails,
           see the description of the FOR UPGRADE option of the CHECK TABLE
           statement (see Section, "CHECK TABLE Syntax").

       o   fix_priv_tables represents a script generated internally by
           mysql_upgrade that contains SQL statements to upgrade the tables in
           the mysql database.

       o   Prior to MySQL 5.1.31, mysql_upgrade does not run the second
           mysqlcheck command, which is necessary to re-encode database or
           table names that contain nonalphanumeric characters. (They still
           appear after the upgrade with the #mysql50# prefix described in
           Section 9.2.3, "Mapping of Identifiers to File Names".) If you have
           such database or table names, execute the second mysqlcheck command
           manually after executing mysql_upgrade.

       All checked and repaired tables are marked with the current MySQL
       version number. This ensures that next time you run mysql_upgrade with
       the same version of the server, it can tell whether there is any need
       to check or repair the table again.

       mysql_upgrade also saves the MySQL version number in a file named
       mysql_upgrade_info in the data directory. This is used to quickly check
       whether all tables have been checked for this release so that
       table-checking can be skipped. To ignore this file and perform the
       check regardless, use the --force option.

       If you install MySQL from RPM packages on Linux, you must install the
       server and client RPMs.  mysql_upgrade is included in the server RPM
       but requires the client RPM because the latter includes mysqlcheck.
       (See Section 2.5.1, "Installing MySQL on Linux Using RPM Packages".)

       In MySQL 5.1.7, mysql_upgrade was added as a shell script and worked
       only for Unix systems. As of MySQL 5.1.10, mysql_upgrade is an
       executable binary and is available on all systems.

       mysql_upgrade does not upgrade the contents of the help tables. For
       upgrade instructions, see Section 5.1.9, "Server-Side Help".

       mysql_upgrade supports the following options, which can be specified on
       the command line or in the [mysql_upgrade] and [client] groups of an
       option file. Other options are passed to mysqlcheck. For example, it
       might be necessary to specify the --password[=password] option.
       mysql_upgrade also supports the options for processing option files
       described at Section, "Command-Line Options that Affect Option-
       File Handling".

       o   --help

           Display a short help message and exit.

       o   --basedir=path

           The path to the MySQL installation directory. This option is
           accepted for backward compatibility but ignored.

       o   --datadir=path

           The path to the data directory. This option is accepted for
           backward compatibility but ignored.

       o   --debug-check

           Print some debugging information when the program exits. This
           option was added in MySQL 5.1.21.

       o   --debug-info, -T

           Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics
           when the program exits. This option was added in MySQL 5.1.21.

       o   --force

           Ignore the mysql_upgrade_info file and force execution of
           mysqlcheck even if mysql_upgrade has already been executed for the
           current version of MySQL.

       o   --tmpdir=path, -t path

           The path name of the directory to use for creating temporary files.
           This option was added in MySQL 5.1.25.

       o   --user=user_name, -u user_name

           The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server. The
           default user name is root.

       o   --verbose

           Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does.

       o   --write-binlog

           Cause binary logging to be enabled while mysql_upgrade runs. This
           is the default behavior; to disable binary logging during the
           upgrade, use the inverse of this option (that is, start the program
           with --skip-write-binlog).

           This option was introduced in MySQL 5.1.40.

       Copyright (C) 1997, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see

       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which
       may already be installed locally and which is also available online at

       Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).

MySQL 5.1                         11/04/2013                  MYSQL_UPGRADE(1)