*BASH User Commands Ubuntu 10.04.4 LTS Server coreutils
MYSQL_INSTALL_DB()                                          MYSQL_INSTALL_DB()

       mysql_install_db - initialize MySQL data directory

       mysql_install_db [options]

       mysql_install_db initializes the MySQL data directory and creates the
       system tables that it contains, if they do not exist.  mysql_install_db
       is a shell script and is available only on Unix platforms.

       To invoke mysql_install_db, use the following syntax:

           shell> mysql_install_db [options]

       Because the MySQL server, mysqld, needs to access the data directory
       when it runs later, you should either run mysql_install_db from the
       same system account that will be used for running mysqld or run it as
       root and use the --user option to indicate the user name that mysqld
       will run as. It might be necessary to specify other options such as
       --basedir or --datadir if mysql_install_db does not use the correct
       locations for the installation directory or data directory. For

           shell> bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql \
                    --basedir=/opt/mysql/mysql \

       mysql_install_db needs to invoke mysqld with the --bootstrap and
       --skip-grant-tables options. If MySQL was configured with the
       --disable-grant-options option, --bootstrap and --skip-grant-tables
       will be disabled (see Section 2.11.4, "MySQL Source-Configuration
       Options"). To handle this, set the MYSQLD_BOOTSTRAP environment
       variable to the full path name of a server that has all options
       enabled.  mysql_install_db will use that server.

           If you have set a custom TMPDIR environment variable when
           performing the installation, and the specified directory is not
           accessible, mysql_install_db may fail. If so, unset TMPDIR or set
           TMPDIR to point to the system temporary directory (usually /tmp).

       mysql_install_db supports the following options, which can be specified
       on the command line or in the [mysql_install_db] group of an option
       file. (Options that are common to mysqld can also be specified in the
       [mysqld] group.) Other options are passed to mysqld. For information
       about option files, see Section, "Using Option Files".
       mysql_install_db also supports the options for processing option files
       described at Section, "Command-Line Options that Affect Option-
       File Handling".

       o   --basedir=path

           The path to the MySQL installation directory.

       o   --datadir=path, --ldata=path

           The path to the MySQL data directory.

       o   --force

           Cause mysql_install_db to run even if DNS does not work. Grant
           table entries that normally use host names will use IP addresses.

       o   --rpm

           For internal use. This option is used during the MySQL installation
           process for install operations performed using RPM packages.

       o   --skip-name-resolve

           Use IP addresses rather than host names when creating grant table
           entries. This option can be useful if your DNS does not work.

       o   --srcdir=path

           For internal use. This option specifies the directory under which
           mysql_install_db looks for support files such as the error message
           file and the file for populating the help tables. This option was
           added in MySQL 5.1.14.

       o   --user=user_name

           The system (login) user name to use for running mysqld. Files and
           directories created by mysqld will be owned by this user. You must
           be root to use this option. By default, mysqld runs using your
           current login name and files and directories that it creates will
           be owned by you.

       o   --verbose

           Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does.

       o   --windows

           For internal use. This option is used for creating Windows

       Copyright (C) 1997, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see

       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which
       may already be installed locally and which is also available online at

       Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).